20th Century – Guided Democracy in Indonesia (1957–1965)

Introduction Guided Democracy  was the political system in place in Indonesia from 1957 – 1966. Brainchild of President Sukarno Sukarno believed that Western-style democracy was inappropriate for Indonesia. Sukarno use the traditional village system of discussion and consensus, under the guidance of village elders. Sukarno proposed a threefold blend of nasionalisme (‘nationalism’), agama (‘religion’), and komunisme (‘communism’) into a co-operative ‘Nas-A-Kom’ government. Intended to appease the…

Dayak people

Introduction The Dayak or Dyak or Dayuh are the native people of Borneo. Located principally in the interior of Borneo, each with its own dialect, customs, laws, territory and culture, although common distinguishing traits are readily identifiable. Dayak languages are categorised as part of the Austronesian languages in Asia. The Dayak were animist in belief; however many converted to Islam and since the 19th century, mass conversion…

20th Century – Liberal democracy period in Indonesia (1950–1957)

Introduction Began in 1950 -after the independence in the Indonesian National Revolution 1955 Bandung Conference – Indonesia’s first general and Constitutional Assembly elections, and an Period of political instability, with no cabinet lasting as long as two years. Post-independence struggles There is regional differences – customs, morals, tradition, religion Disunity – impact of Christianity and Marxism,  Javanese political domination Poverty, low educational, and…

13th Century – Ternate Sultanate (1257–1914)

Introduction The oldest Muslim kingdoms in Indonesia, Established by Baab Mashur Malamo in 1257. Golden Age – Sultan Baabullah (1570–1583) Encompassed the eastern part of Indonesia – southern Philippines. Ternate was producer of cloves Regional power from the 15th to 17th centuries. Dried Cloves Continues to the present, as does the Sultanate itself Although it no longer…

13th Century – Kutai Kartanegara (1300–1960)

Around the end of the 13th century the kingdom of Kutai Kartanegara was established in the region of Tepian Batu or Kutai Lama. The first known ruler is Aji Batara Agung Dewa Sakti, who is thought to have ruled from 1300 to 1325. Aji Pangeran Sinum Panji Mendapa, who ruled 1635–1650, was able to conquer…

4th Century – Kutai Martadipura (350–1605)

Kutai Kutai, or Dayak Kutai, is a historic region in East Kalimantan in Indonesia on Borneo and also name of Dayak people on the region with a language of the same name and their historic. The major river of the region was and is the Mahakam River. Location of  East Kalimantan/ East Borneo Young Ibans, or Sea Dayaks people Kutai Martadipura Kutai Martadipura is a…