Radio Development In Indonesia

Dutch East Indies era

  • Bataviasche Radio Vereniging (BRV) in Jakarta (Batavia) is the first radio broadcast in Indonesia (Dutch East Indies), established on June 16, 1925.
  • Followed by other radio stations such as Radio Omroep Nederlandsch Indische Mij (NIROM) in Jakarta, Bandung and Medan.

radio nirom.5-400x302

Radio Omroep Nederlandsch Indische Mij (NIROM) in Jakarta

  • In Surakarta, there is Solossche Radio Vereniging (SRV)
  • In Yogyakarta stands Mataramse Noor Vereniging Radio Omroep (Mavro).
  • SRV can be seen as a forerunner advent of radio broadcasts arranged by the Indonesian nation.
  • SRV established by Mangkunegoro VII and Sarsito Mangunkusomo on April 1, 1933.
  • On March 29, 1937, due to efforts of Sarsito M. Sutajo Kartohadikusumo Cipto, Eastern Radio Society (PPRK) in Bandung was established.
  • PPRK is working to advance the art and national culture to the spiritual and physical progress of Indonesian society.

Japanese occupation era

  • Japanese government regulate the operation of radio stations strictly.
  • Radio broadcasts are governed by a special department called Hoso Kyoku Kantri, which is the center of radio broadcasts and domiciled in Jakarta.
  • Other branches are called Hosa Kyoku located in Bandung, Purwakarta, Yogyakarta, Semarang, Surabaya, and Malang.
  • At that time all radio broadcasts directed for the Japanese military purposes.
  • However, during the Japanese occupation, culture and arts progress rapidly.
  • People have many opportunities to develop culture and art.
  • This opportunity led to the emergence of artists is also the creator of a new Indonesian songs.

Independence era

  • At the beginning of independence, radio broadcasts have not been well-organized.
  • On 10 September 1945 the leaders of radio stations from all over Java gathered in Jakarta to discuss the issue.
  • On September 11, 1945 the leaders of the radio broadcast reached an agreement to set up a radio broadcast called Radio Republik Indonesia (RRI).
  • RRI has 8 stations located in eight cities in Java (former Hoso Kyoku).
  • At that time, RRI became the only radio broadcasting organizations in Indonesia and plays a role in providing information to the struggle of the Indonesian nation.
  • The core spirit of the radio broadcasts is to retain, and foster a spirit of independence.

New Order era

  • Until the end of 1966, RRI is the only radio broadcasting in Indonesia which is owned and controlled by the government.
  • Many changes in society as a result of political change, after the shift of the Old Order (Sukarno) to the New Order (Suharto).
  • The transitional situation is a good opportunity for those who have a hobby of amateur to hold a private (amateur) broadcast.
  • Amateur radio is a set of radio transmitters used to deal in the form of conversation.
  • The existence of amateur radio was later recognized by the government to create a legal basis in the form of Regulation no 21 / th 1967.
  • Amateur radios belong to the Organization of Amateur Radio Republic Indonesia (ORARI).
  • In 1976 government issued Government Regulation No. 55 Year 1970 on Radio Broadcast Non-Government. It is determined that the non-government radio broadcasts as a social function, education, information, and entertainment.
  • For information until 1974 non-government radio broadcasts became known as commercial private radio recorded throughout Indonesia as many as 330 stations.
  • In 1982/1983 the number of radio stations increased to 405 stations.
  • In early 1990 there are total 449 stations, consisting of 403 stations broadcasting on the AM and 46 FM stations.
  • Private radio stations broadcasting commerce are gradually becoming more aware of how important the position of radio and its function in society.
  • In 1974, the private commercial radio stations joined together in a single container called National Private Radio Broadcasting Association of Indonesia (PRSSNI).
  • Meanwhile, RRI has now been supported by the Multi Media Training Center (MMTC), which aims to educate and train employees.
  • RRI also supported the broadcast by Domestic Satellite Communication System (SKSD) Palapa.

Source:

 

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