East Kalimantan

Introduction

  • East Kalimantan comprises the eastern portion of Borneo.
  • It has a population of about 3.5 million, and its capital is Samarinda.
  • East Kalimantan has a total area of 129,066.64 square kilometres (49,832.91 sq mi) and is the second least densely populated province in Kalimantan.
  • The majority of the region shares a maritime border to the east with West Sulawesi and North Sulawesi; its coastline faces the Makassar strait and the Celebes sea.
  • Its former northernmost region is now North Kalimantan; to its south, East Kalimantan borders the South Kalimantan province. The province bordered Sabah before the split, but still borders Sarawak

east kalimantan kaltim-peta-east-kalimantan-map

Location of  East Kalimantan

History

  • The location of the oldest Hindu kingdom in Indonesia, Kutai
  • The existence of which is attested to by a stone manuscript and seven stone pillars (yupa posts) erected in the fifth century BCE.

Economy

  • East Kalimantan’s economy heavily depends on earth resources such as oilfield exploration, natural gas, coal and gold.
  • Other developing economic sectors include agriculture and tourism.
  • Obstacles to economic development include a lack of transportation infrastructure.
  • Transportation depends on traditional boats connecting coastal cities and areas along main river, Mahakam River.
  • In 2012, Russia’s state railway firm Joint stock Company (JSC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the East Kalimantan Governor over railway lines to transport coal and other freight.
  • Several oil fields have been discovered in the Mahakam River Delta including Attaka, Badak (1971), Semberah, Nilam, Sanga Sanga, Bekapai (1972), Handil (1974), Samboja, Jakin and Sepinggan.
  • The Handil, Badak and Bekapai fields are anticline structural traps with oil reservoir sandstones between 450 and 2900 m.
  • The delta is in the Kutei basin, bounded by the Mankalihat and Paternoster carbonate arch, containing Eocene shales overlain by Oligocene fluvial deposits during marine regression, culminating in formation of the delta in the late Miocene.

Culture

  • Languages
    • Tidung language
    • Banjar language
    • Berau language
    • Kutai language
    • Lundayeh language
  • Culinary
    • Gangan Ubi Jukut Salai (cassava)
    • Sambal Raja
    • Pepes Kepiting (crab)
    • Bebek Betutu (duck)
    • Ayam Cincane (chicken)
    • Pisang Gapit Saus Durian (banana)

ayam-betutu

Bebek Betutu (duck)

  • Traditional music
    • Tingkilan from Dayak Kutai
    • Sempek or Kejien from Dayak Wehea
  • Traditional dances
    • Bedewa dance of Tidung tribe
    • Gantar dance of Dayak Benuaq
    • Kencet dance of Dayak Kenyah
    • Kejien dance of Dayak Wehea
    • Gong dance

bedewa tarimassal

Bedewa dance of Tidung tribe

  • Traditional weapon
    • Mandau
    • Gayang
    • Keris Buritkang
    • Sumpit
    • Perisai/ kelembit
    • Tombak

mandau COLLECTIE_TROPENMUSEUM_Zwaard_met_gevest_van_been_schede_en_mesje_TMnr_391-120

Mandau

  • Traditional house
    • Lamin

lamin2

 Lamin traditional house

  • Traditional clothes
    • Ikat weaving
    • Ta a for female
    • Sapei Sapaq for male

ta a  sapaaq blok-khusus

Ta a and Sapei Sapaq

ikat

Ikat weaving

Tourism

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