- Kutai National Park is a lowland national park located on the east coast of Borneo Island, in the East Kalimantan province of Indonesia, ranging approximately 10 to 50 km north of the equator.
- The park is located north of the Mahakam river and includes several lakes: Danau Maau, Santan, Besar and Sirapan.
Kutai National Park located north of the Mahakam river
- It is adjacent to the towns of Bontang and Sangatta and 120 km north of the provincial capital Samarinda.
- There are several traditional Bugis settlements within the national park
- Kutai National Park is dominated by a Dipterocarpaceae lowland tropical rainforest and has 958 species of flora, including 8 of the world’s 9 genus of Dipterocarpaceae family, 41 species of orchids and 220 species of medical plants.
- The other vegetation types include coastal mangrove forest, freshwater swamp forest and kerangas forest.
Freshwater swamp forest
Keranga forest, which means “land which cannot grow rice”, came from the Dayak Iban language.
- The park provides habitat to 10 species of primates, 90 species of mammals and 300 species of birds.
- Some of them are orangutan, Malayan sun bear, sambar deer, banteng, maroon leaf monkey, white-fronted leaf monkey, Hose’s leaf monkey, proboscis monkey, Bornean gibbon, clouded leopard, black flying squirrel, marbled cat, flat-headed cat, yellow-throated marten, otter civet, and smooth-coated otter.
Malayan sun bear
A male and a female Banteng
Maroon Leaf Monkeys or as Monyet Merah
Hose leaf monkey
Black flying squirrel
- The number of orangutans was found to have decreased dramatically, from 600 recorded in 2004 to about 60 in 2009.
- However a survey conducted in 2010 identified over 2,000 orangutans to be inhabiting the park.